Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy

   Central document on liturgical theology and practice promulgated by the Second Vatican Council on 4 December 1963. Articles 112–121 contain the norms for liturgical music, which, in general, express strong preference for Gregorian chant, the pipe organ, and other features of the Roman Catholic tradition but also provide for alternatives, particularly in "certain parts of the world" (119), and emphasize the "active participation of the people" whenever possible (113, 114, 121). In practice since the late 1960s, however, popular and indigenous musics have almost entirely replaced chant and other traditional idioms in most places, and the true natures and purposes of "sacred music" and "active participation" continue to be disputed among reformers and traditionalists.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

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